We can work on The significant return of capital was a signal that management does not have positive NPV projects in which to invest.

• 1. One could argue that the significant return of capital was a signal that management does not have positive NPV projects in which to invest. However, the shares rose 1.2% on the announcement. Why do you think this is the case?

• 2. Why would Microsoft undertake both a share repurchase and increase its dividend? Why not just one or the other?

Sample Solution

discrimination and low job satisfaction when they try to break free of that image. These racial roadblocks result in Asians harboring a lot of anxiety about fitting in at the workplace and in the media, when they should have no qualms based on their education and experience. What, then, is the image that Asian Americans should match? In America, Asians are to be cold, non-dominant, and competent, or they are met with resistance. Perhaps the most dehumanized minority in America, one might confuse a description of the stereotypical Asian with that of a robot. Through no control of their own, Asian Americans are given a mold they are expected to fill, and they face opposition when they attempt to break free of it. Cultural psychologist Jennifer Berdahl recently conducted a study in which she gauged the attitudes of non-Asian groups towards Asians who do not fit the stereotypical image of the cold, capable Asian. Her study shows that Asians described as warm experience more racial harassment than Asians described as cold, whereas employees of other backgrounds tended to experience less harassment if warm (147). The increased harassment warm Asians face is likely a response to a violation of the social norm rather than a more rational response to behavior, as colder Asians who conformed to societal impressions faced less harassment. These results reveal a scary unwillingness for non-Asian groups to accept behavior that differs from their constructed image of how an Asian should be. Even though warm behavior is favored, as seen through the attitude toward warm non-Asian groups, upholding the racial stereotype takes precedence over personal preference to behavior. Berdahl concludes that “Racial stereotypes of East Asians in North America [are] likely to serve to keep East Asians in subordinate organizational positions and undesirable social roles in the workplace” (150). Asian Americans are “hailed” by pre-existing ideology and social definitions. Berdahl’s study is alive with insight on this interpellation: Asian Americans are encouraged in the workplace to be cold, non-dominant, and competent. Thus, to attain the goal set by the community, Asians resign themselves to being hard workers and producing results in order to be seen as capable. In doing so, they eschew the social skills considered to be “warm”, and come off as cold, quiet, and unsociable. Meeting the stereotype of non-dominance completes the image of the meek Asian American, and the individual has been interpellated. The stereotypical qualities of the Asian American adversely affect the entertainment indu>

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