The Federal and State criminal justice systems share many commonalities and some differences, but both are intended to
achieve the same goal—justice. How one defines “justice” impacts his or her view of whether a particular model is valid
(crime control vs. due process), the system is flawed or properly balanced (fragmented or unified), and if a member of the
(judges, lawyers, law enforcement, etc.) is performing his/her role properly. Regardless of your
opinion on these academic assessments, the criminal justice system is inherently adversarial and a criminal conviction
requires each and every element of the offense charged to be proven by the government beyond a reasonable doubt.
Beginning with the Reading & Study material, discuss how each of the academic assessments impact the ability to ensure
the guilty are punished, the innocent go free, and the means by which this is accomplished comports with the legal
philosophy embodied by the United States Constitution and its English Common Law principles. Expand upon the
provided material with scholarly research to augment the development of your position.
Major points are supported by the following:
1. Thoughtful analysis (considering assumptions, analyzing implications, comparing/contrasting concepts);
2. Thoughtful integration of at least 3 scholarly criminal justice sources; and
3. Thoughtful integration of biblical worldview and Scripture component.