1. How many screening assays were performed on blood donations prior to 1985?​​​​​​​​​(1 point)
  2. List 8 of the infectious screening assays currently performed on donated blood.​​​​​​​​​(8 points)
  3. Give the meanings of the following acronyms:

(i) GMP​​​​(v)​WNV
(ii) FDA​​​​(vi)​TTBI
(iii) HTLV​​​​(vii)​PCR
(iiii) NAT​​​​(viii)​CMV

  1. Using information from the article provided, explain in detail how the minipool testing procedures are done.​​​​(6 points)
  2. Explain in detail how the minipool procedure is modified when testing for the West Nile virus in donors.​​​​​​(4 points)
  3. Explain the risks associated with Cytomegalovirus.​​(4 points)
  4. Describe the risk of infections with Zika virus.​​(3 points)
  5. What is the FDA defined deferral period for donors found positive by Zika NAT testing?​​​​​​​​(2 points)
  6. Discuss the testing for syphilis. What is the causative agent? (4 points)

Sample Solution

performance enhancing drugs that are safe should be allow and that those that are not should be banned. They also argue if safe performance enhancing drugs were allow then it will force companies to create safe PEDs for athletes to use. The opposing side claims performance enhancing drugs changes the fairness of the game. In addition, taking performance enhancing drugs it is considered cheating. There some who argues that when dealing with the unfair advantage some people have the ability to win. The athletes ability to win depend on how much oxygen is carried to the muscles. There is other who relies on performance enhancing drugs to compete. If performance enhancing drugs became legal in sports, it would take away the spirit of the sport. The opposing side claims performance enhancing drugs are dangerous as they put the health of the athlete at risk. It is unfair to the athletes who do not take PED because of the advantage that the cheater gains. It performance enhancing drugs were to become legalized, and then those who choose not to use them will not be able to compete. Moral Reasoning My solution to the problem is performance enhancing drugs should be banned because they damage the integrity of sports. The problem is to determine whether or not performance enhancing drugs is morally acceptable in sports. Because performance enhancing drugs involves athletes cheating or unfairness. This is the argument the opponents of performance enhancing drugs appeal to in their claim. Performance enhancing drugs harm the health of athletes and cause unfairness. Athletes can suffer long term side effects from using performance enhancing drugs. An athlete who takes performance enhancing drugs has an unfair advantage over athletes who do not take PEDs. Those who choose not to use performance enhancing drugs will be force out. Those who are in favor of performance enhancing drugs in sports often appeal to these arguments prevent unfairness and health. We must take into consideration the harm and the benefits of using performance enhancing drugs. Waller states. deontology ethics define as “any ethical system that judges righ>

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